Sayyidina Umar (R)

1. Sayyidina Umar (R) would act as mediator in the disputes between Arab tribes before embracing Islaam and they held him in high esteem. ‘Ibn Sa’d’

 2. Sayyidina Umar (R) was guided to Islaam through the supplication of Rasulullaah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam); “O Allaah! Strengthen Islaam with either Umar bin Khattaab or Abu Jahal bin Hishaam, whomsoever of the two you desire.” ‘Timidhi’

3. When Sayyidina Umar (R) embraced Islaam, the Muslims in Makkah as well as the angels in the heavens rejoiced. ‘Haakim’

4. Sayyidina Umar (R) announced his Islaam publicly and fought the Mushrikeen when they tried to assault him. ‘Usdul-Ghaabah’

5. Sayyidina Umar (R) brought honour to the Muslims and they began praying openly in the Ka’abah after he embraced Islaam. ‘Ibn Ishaaq’

6. Rasulullaah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) gave Sayyidina Umar (R) the title of “Al-Farooq”, which means the one who distinguishes between truth and falsehood. ‘Usdul-Ghaabah’

7. Sayyidina Umar (R) remained close to Rasulullaah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) in Makkah and was taught by Rasulullaah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) himself. ‘Bukhaari’

8. Sayyidina Umar (R) announced his intentions to migrate to Madinah and twenty other Muslims migrated with him under his protection. ‘Usdul Ghaabah’

9. Sayyidina Ali (R) said: “I do not know of any of the Muhaajireen who did not migrate in secret except Umar bin Khattaab (R). When he decided to migrate, he put on his sword, put his bow over his shoulder, picked up his arrows and carried his spear by his side. He went to the Ka’abah, where a number of the Quraish chiefs had gathered. He performed Tawaaf at a leisurely pace and performed Salaah behind the Maqaame-Ibraheem, unperturbed. He then addressed them saying, “May your faces become disfigured! Allaah will only rub these noses in the dust. Whoever wants his mother to mourn him, his children to become orphan and his wife to become widow, let him meet me behind this valley.” None of them dared to accept his challenge.” ibid


10. Rasulullaah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) would praise Sayyidina Umar (R) in the presence of others and often supplicated on his behalf. ‘Muslim’

11. Sayyidina Umar (R) participated in all the battles alongside Rasulullaah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) and was the severest against the enemy. ‘Usdul Ghaabah’

12. Sayyidina Umar (R) fought in the Battle of Badr against the Mushrikeen and killed his maternal uncle in the defence of Islaam. ibid

13. When the Sahabah were scattered after the surprise attack of the Mushrikeen in Uhud, Sayyidina Umar (R) was amongst those who remained firm by the side of Rasulullaah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). 'Muslim'

14. Sayyidina Umar (R) had the honour of being the spokesman of Rasulullaah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) on the day of Uhud. ‘Bukhaari’

15. Rasulullaah (R) appointed Sayyidina Umar (R) as commander of the army on the second day of fighting during the Battle of Khaibar. 'Bidaayah wan Nihaayah'

16. Sayyidina Umar (R) was part of the group who protected Rasulullaah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) during the sudden attack of the Mushrikeen on the Battle of Hunain. ‘Ibn Hishaam’

17. During the Battle of Tabuk, he donated half of his wealth to assist Rasulullaah (R) and the Muslim army. 'Tirmidhi'

18. Sayyidina Umar (R) would constantly remain in the company of Rasulullaah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) and Rasulullaah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) would often ask for his opinion. Muslim’

19. Rasulullaah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) had a close relationship with Sayyidina Umar (R) and Rasulullaah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) was extremely considerate towards him. ‘Bukhaari’

1. Sayyidinā ʿUthmān (R) was a close advisor of Sayyidinā Abū Bakr (R) during his khilāfah and was part of the council who were referred to regarding important matters of state. ‘Ibn Asākir’
2. During the drought that afflicted the Muslims during the khilāfah of Sayyidinā Abū Bakr (R), Sayyidinā ʿUthmān (R) donated 100 camels laden with food as charity to the poor Muslims. ‘Ibn Khaldūn’
3. Sayyidinā ʿUthmān (R) served as one of the chief ministers of Sayyidinā ʿUmar (R) during his khilāfah, and would assist him in seeing to the welfare of the Muslims. ‘Tabarī’
4. Sayyidinā ʿUthmān (R) was appointed as khalīfah after Sayyidinā ʿUmar (R) and his appointment was approved of by the Muhājirīn and Ansār. ‘Bidāyah wa Nihāyah’
5. Sayyidinā ʿUthmān (R) was extremely considerate towards the Muslims, always fulfilling their needs, ensuring that they were never over taxed or burdened. ‘Tabarī’
6. Sayyidinā ʿUthmān (R) had been blessed by Allah with abundant wealth and he took no remuneration from the public treasury for the services he rendered as khalīfah. ibid
7. Sayyidinā ʿUthmān (R) loved reciting the Qur’ān and he would complete the entire Qur’ān in a single rak’ah of salāh. ‘Ibn Sa’d’
8. When surrounded by the rebels, Sayyidinā ʿUthmān (R) addressed them saying: “I have ten such unique virtues yet today you show no regard for them. I was the fourth person to enter Islam. Rasūlullāh (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) gave his daughter to me in marriage, and when she passed away he gave his other daughter to me. I did not commit fornication before embracing Islam nor after and I did not steal before embracing Islam nor after. I have never spoken a lie since the day I became Muslim. I have never touched my private part with my right hand since the day I placed it in the hand of Rasūlullāh (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). I memorised the Qur’ān during the lifetime of Rasūlullāh (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam), and since the day I became Muslim, no Friday ever came but I set free a slave, unless I could not find a slave that Friday, in which case I would set two free the following Friday.” ‘Ibn Asākir’
9. Sayyidinā ʿUthmān’s (R) attachment to the Qur’ān was so profound that his final moments were spent reciting the Qur’ān and his blood, when martyred, fell upon the verse:
فَسَيَكْفِيْكَهُمُ اللهُ وَ هُوَ السَّمِيْعُ الْعَلِيْمُ
Allah will suffice for you against them, and He is All Hearing, All Knowing (Baqarah: 137)
• Sayyidina Umar (R) remained a close advisor of Sayyidina Abu Bakr (R) during his Khilafah and assisted him in seeing to the welfare of the Muslims. 'Bukhaari'
• Sayyidina Umar (R) foresaw the need to preserve the Qurʼan and it was upon his council that Sayyidina Abu Bakr (R) instructed to have it compiled. Ibid
• Sayyidina Umar (R) was appointed as the second Khalifah by Sayyidina Abu Bakr (R) and his nomination was approved of by the Muhajireen and Ansar. 'Tabri'
• It was on account of the tactics and military genius of Sayyidina Umar (R) that the superpowers of Rome and Persia were brought to its knees. 'Tabri'
• Sayyidina Umar (R) was extremely abstinent with regards to the luxuries of this world, never indulging himself or his family. 'Kanz'
• During his Khilafah, Sayyidina Umar (R) would patrol the streets during the night and see to the needs of the destitute and wayfarers. Ibid
• Despite being the Khalifah of the Muslims, Sayyidina Umar (R) would not hesitate in giving preference even to his slaves over himself. 'Hakim'
• Justice reigned supreme during the Khilafah of Sayyidina Umar (R) and all were equal in the eyes of the law. 'Bayhaqi'
• Sayyidina Umar (R) was martyred at the age of sixty-three and buried alongside his dear friends- Rasulullaah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) and Sayyidina Abu Bakr (R). 'Siyarus Sahabah'
• Sayyidina Ali (R) entered upon Sayyidina Umar (R) after he was fatally wounded by the fire-worshipper- Abu Lu'lu', and said:
“There is no person's book of deeds with which I would like to meet Allaah Ta'ala with except Umar's (R).”